Every writer, at some point in their journey, encounters the sage advice, “show, don’t tell.” But what does this mean, and how can you apply it effectively in your work?

1. What is “Show Don’t Tell?”

It’s a technique that encourages writers to illustrate emotions, actions, or events through description, action, and dialogue rather than direct statements. By showing, you immerse readers in the scene, allowing them to infer and feel alongside the characters.


  • Telling: Sarah was angry.
    Showing: Sarah’s face turned crimson, her hands clenching into fists.
  • Telling: It was a beautiful day.
    Showing: Sunlight dappled the ground, birds sang melodiously, and a gentle breeze rustled the tree leaves.

2. Why is it Important?
“Show Don’t Tell” makes your writing vivid and dynamic. It invites readers to engage their senses and emotions, making the reading experience immersive.

3. Tips to Master “Show Don’t Tell”:

  • Engage the Five Senses: Describe what the characters see, hear, touch, taste, and smell.Example: Instead of saying “The cake was delicious,” describe its creamy texture, the burst of flavor with each bite, and the tantalizing aroma that filled the room.
  • Use Strong Verbs: Choose action verbs that convey emotion or intent.Example: Instead of saying “He walked into the room,” say “He stormed into the room” or “He tiptoed into the room” depending on the context.
  • Utilize Dialogue: Dialogue can convey emotion, tension, and character dynamics.Example: Instead of narrating, “She didn’t trust him,” use dialogue: “How do I know you’re not lying?” she shot back.
  • Incorporate Body Language: A character’s posture, facial expression, or movement can communicate volumes.Example: A character shifting their gaze away, biting their lip, or tapping their foot can indicate nervousness or impatience.
  • Be Specific: Details paint a clearer picture.Example: Instead of “She wore a dress,” describe “She wore a midnight blue evening gown that shimmered under the soft lights.”

4. When to Tell:
While “showing” is effective, sometimes brevity demands “telling.” For minor details or when summarizing events, direct statements can be efficient.

“Show Don’t Tell” is a tool, not an unbreakable rule. Balancing between showing and telling can create a compelling narrative pace and keep readers engaged. Practice makes perfect, so as you write, be mindful of how you’re conveying information and emotions.

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